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February 01, 1995

NIDA's National Pregnancy and Health Survey, conducted during 1992, is the first national survey of drug use among pregnant women in the United States. The survey collected data from a representative sample of the 4 million women who delivered babies during 1992. Data from the survey, presented in the chart below, provide the best estimates to date of the number of American women who use drugs during pregnancy and their patterns of drug use. (See story this issue)

Substance Used % Pregnant Women # Pregnant Women
Any illicit drug(1) 5.5 220,900
Marijuana 2.9 118,700
Cocaine 1.1 45,100
Crack 0.9 34,800
Other cocaine 0.3 12,700
Methamphetamine 0.1 4,500
Heroin 0.1 3,600
Methadone 0.1 3,400
Inhalants 0.3 12,100
Hallucinogens 0.2 8,700
Nonmedical use of any psychotherapeutics(2) 1.5 61,200
Amphetamines 0.0 1,200
Sedatives 0.3 10,300
Tranquilizers 0.0 1,900
Analgesics 1.2 48,700
Alcohol 18.8 756,900
Cigarettes 20.4 819,700
Medical use of any psychotherapeutics(3) 10.2 412,300
Amphetamines 0.3 13,400
Sedatives 3.6 144,100
Tranquilizers 1.4 55,400
Analgesics 7.6 305,200

(1)Use of marijuana, cocaine (all forms), methamphetamine, heroin, methadone, inhalants, hallucinogens, or nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics during pregnancy.
(2)Nonmedical use of any prescription amphetamines, sedatives, tranquilizers, or analgesics during pregnancy.
(3)Medical use of any prescription amphetamines, sedatives, tranquilizers, or analgesics during pregnancy.

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