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NIDA. (2014, February 26). Transition services for drug using, HIV-infected inmates leaving jail should be gender-specific. Retrieved from

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Science Spotlight

February 26, 2014

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A NIDA-funded study shows that HIV-infected women who are released from jail are more likely to abuse cocaine, have co-occurring psychiatric disorders, and to have worse HIV treatment outcomes compared to men, underscoring the need for gender-specific interventions and services.

The findings show that six months after release, these women were half as likely to still be receiving care and medications for their HIV status, were more likely to report depression, were more likely to have serious psychiatric disorders but were less likely to be receiving psychiatric care.  With such negative health outcomes, there is high risk of HIV transmission to their sexual partners, and there is a public health need to develop effective gender-specific interventions.

For a copy of the study abstract (published online January 16), go to: For facts on drug abuse and HIV, go to

For more information, contact the NIDA press office at or 301-443-6245.