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Header - Children of Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Children at Risk

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Recent estimates suggest that 3.7 million parents are under some form of correctional supervision. Approximately 1.1 million are incarcerated in Federal, State, and local jails and are parents to an estimated 2.4 million children. Children with parents in the criminal justice system are a highly vulnerable population. They have an increased risk earlier in life for difficulties with emotional, behavioral, and psychological development and later in life for other health and behavioral problems, including drug abuse and antisocial behavior. This NIDA–sponsored meeting brought together experts on drug abuse, child development, the criminal justice system, and health disparities to examine the state of the science regarding this population. Important issues, such as child development, drug abuse, health disparities, and gender were integrated throughout the meeting. The goals of the meeting were to: 1) develop an empirically–based 'picture' of these children and their families in order to understand the issues confronting them; 2) examine family and child functioning and their effect on developmental trajectories to determine potential targets for intervention; 3) review the efficacy and effectiveness of existing theory–based prevention interventions for these children and their families; 4) summarize important accomplishments in understanding this underserved population and in developing interventions to prevent drug abuse and related problems among them; and 5) identify gaps in the research and determine next steps in the development of a research agenda.


Parents Under Correctional Supervision: National Statistics
Christopher J. Mumola, M.P.A.

Overview of the Issue: Parents in the Criminal Justice System and its Impact on Children and Families
Amy L. Solomon, M.P.P., and Janine M. Zweig, Ph.D.

Criminal Justice, Drug Abuse, HIV, and Health Disparities: Implications for Children
Torrance Stephens, Ph.D.


Prisoners and their Families: Parenting Issues During Incarceration
Creasie Finney Hairston, Ph.D.

Risk and Resilience in Young Children of Incarcerated Mothers
Julie A. Poehlmann, Ph.D.

Incarcerated Parents and their Elementary School-Age Children
J. Mark Eddy, Ph.D.

Parental Imprisonment: Effects on Children’s Delinquency through the Life Course in England and Sweden
Joseph Murray, Ph.D., M.Phil.


Motivational Treatment to Prevent Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy: A Randomized, Controlled Efficacy Trial with Women Being Released from Jail
Patricia Dolan Mullen, Dr.P.H.

Responsive Parenting Support During the Prison Nursery and Reentry Years
Mary W. Byrne, Ph.D., C.P.N.P., M.P.H.

Motivational Parent Management Training: An Efficacy Trial for Offenders Living with Children
Lew I. Bank, Ph.D.

Incarcerated Addicted Mothers and their 10- to 14-Year-Old Children
Thomas E. Hanlon, Ph.D.

Engaging Moms Program: Research Results and Introduction to an Intervention for Substance-Abusing Mothers
Gayle A. Dakof, Ph.D.


science meeting summaries and special reports

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