Skip Navigation

Link to  the National Institutes of Health  
The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Archives of the National Institute on Drug Abuse web site
Go to the Home page


Home > Publications > Principles of HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations

Principles of HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations
gray line


General Inquiries:
NIDA Public Information and Liaison Branch, 301-443-1124

NIDA's HIV Prevention Research Activities:
Center on AIDS and Other Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse (CAMCODA), 301-443-1801

NIDA's Web Site:

Selected NIDA Educational Resources on HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations

The NIDA Community-Based Outreach Model: A Manual To Reduce the Risk of HIV and Other Blood-Borne Infections in Drug Users. (2000) Provides principles of HIV prevention for out-of-treatment drug-using populations, information on community-based HIV prevention, a discussion of the roles of effective community-based outreach workers, instructions for conducting community-based outreach, information for program managers for designing an outreach risk-reduction program in their communities, and cue cards to use during counseling sessions. NIH Publication No. 00-4812.

HIV Prevention With Drug-Using Populations: Current Status and Future Prospects. Public Health Reports (1998); 113(Suppl 1). Provides a historical perspective on the current status of the knowledge base on prevention of HIV in drug-using populations, and includes sections on community-based outreach risk-reduction interventions, syringe exchange/access programs, drug abuse treatment, social networks and their roles in preventing HIV in drug users, and future directions for HIV prevention research. For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office, ISBN 0-16-049601-2.

Integrating Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS. (1999) Provides a historical and future perspective on the integration of qualitative and quantitative methods approaches for the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on drug abuse and HIV/AIDS, and shows how combining epidemiological and ethnographic methods informs the development of effective HIV prevention interventions for drug users. NIH Publication No. 99-4565, or available from the NIDA Web site at

Preventing Drug Use Among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide. (1997) Provides an overview of research on the origins and pathways of drug abuse, the basic principles of drug abuse prevention, and the development and application of research-based programs for the prevention of drug abuse among children and adolescents. NIH Publication No. 99-4212.

Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide. (1999) Summarizes basic overarching principles that characterize effective treatment, describes types of treatment, and presents examples of scientifically based and tested treatment components. NIH Publication No. 99-4180.

[Back to top]

Research Monographs

Qualitative Methods in Drug Abuse and HIV Research (Research Monograph 157). (1995) Describes advances in the use of qualitative research methods for the study of drug abuse and HIV/AIDS, including a review of qualitative methods, their appropriateness for different populations and settings, and their strengths and limitations. NIH Publication No. 95-4025.

Social Networks, Drug Abuse, and HIV Transmission (Research Monograph 151). (1995) Explores the roles of social networks and network characteristics on patterns of risk behaviors and the transmission of HIV/AIDS, including the use of network analysis techniques for developing and implementing strategies to prevent HIV transmission among drug-using populations. NIH Publication No. 95-3889.

The Collection and Interpretation of Data From Hidden Populations (Research Monograph 98). (1990) Examines the use of qualitative approaches in the analysis and understanding of complex human behavior, including the use of ethnographic methods for contacting hard-to-reach and hidden populations of drug users and other at-risk individuals. DHHS Publication No.(ADM)90-1678.

[Back to top]

Additional Information

NIDA's 5-Year Strategic Plan. NIDA's overarching goal for the next 5 years is to significantly reduce the health and social consequences of drug abuse and addiction. Using input from Congress, the Institute's staff, its advisory groups, and its constituents, NIDA has developed three broad strategies and several priority areas within each that will be pursued to fulfill this goal.

Global Research Network (GRN) on HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations. In 1998, NIDA collaborated with the Office of AIDS Research at the National Institutes of Health, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the World Health Organization (WHO) to hold the inaugural meeting of the GRN in Geneva, Switzerland. The GRN was established to facilitate international cooperation and collaboration on research to prevent HIV and other blood-borne diseases among drug users, to increase understanding of HIV in drug-using populations, and to report on new research findings at both the regional and country levels. The second annual meeting of the GRN was held in Atlanta, Georgia, in August 1999, and the third annual meeting was held in Durban, South Africa, in July 2000. For inquiries about the GRN and the GRN's proceedings from the 1998 and 1999 meetings, call NIDA's CAMCODA at 301-443-1801.

Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG) Publications. Participant Observation Study of Indirect Paraphernalia: Sharing/HIV Risk in a Network of Heroin Injectors.

[Back to top]

Funding Opportunities

For information on funding opportunities at NIDA, including NIDA's list of program announcements, requests for applications, and research training sites, and for information on grants and contracts, application guidelines and policies, forms, and answers to frequently asked questions, go to

[Back to top]

Other Resources

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). CSAP, part of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is responsible for providing national leadership in the Federal effort to prevent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug problems that are intrinsically linked to other serious national problems, including HIV/AIDS. CSAP publications are available through the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information at 1-800-729-6686. Additional information about CSAP can be found on its Web site at

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). CSAT, part of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is responsible for supporting treatment services through block grants and developing knowledge about effective drug abuse treatment, disseminating the findings to the field, and promoting the adoption of these treatments. CSAT also operates the National Treatment Referral 24-hour HOTLINE (1-800-662-HELP), which offers information and referrals to people seeking treatment programs and other assistance. CSAT publications are available through the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information at 1-800-729-6686. Additional information about CSAT can be found on its Web site at

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC is responsible for promoting health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability. CDC's programs include support for State and local disease prevention activities; a national public information network; education programs in the Nation's schools; disease monitoring; and laboratory, behavioral, and epidemiologic studies designed to identify the most effective interventions to combat HIV. CDC's Web site is

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Established in January 1996, UNAIDS brings together the United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Population Fund, United Nations International Drug Control Programme, United Nations Economic and Social Council, World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Bank in leading and supporting a worldwide effort to prevent HIV and alleviate the impact of the AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS' Web site is

[Back to top]

<< Previous Page

Reaching Out: Preventing HIV/AIDS in Our Community

"Reaching Out: Preventing HIV/AIDS in Our Community"
by Craig Lasha

Archive Home | Accessibility | Privacy | FOIA (NIH) | Current NIDA Home Page
National Institutes of Health logo_Department of Health and Human Services Logo The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) , a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Questions? See our Contact Information. . The U.S. government's official web portal