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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 4.20

Treatment Costs per Acute Hepatitis C Virus Case

Disease Stages/Conditions Probability of Stage
Number of Cases in 1992 Cost per Case in 1992
Total HCV Treatment Expenditures
(millions of dollars)
Total IVDU-Related HCV Expenditures
(millions of dollars)
Acute Disease Only
Subclinical 65.7 111,690 $6 $0.7 $0.3
Clinical, nonfulminant 34.0 57,800 $703 $40.6 $14.6
Fulminant 0.3 510 $12,124 $6.2 $2.2
Subtotal, Acute 100.0 170,000 NA $47.5 $17.1
Chronic Disease
Chronic carrier state 24.9 14,420 $950 $13.7 $4.9
Chronic persistent state 12.5 7,239 $1,618 $11.7 $4.2
Chronic active hepatitis 16.3 9,440 $67,486 $637.1 $229.3
Primary hepatic cancer 8.1 4,691 $103,148 $483.9 $174.2
Subtotal, Chronic ˜50 35,790 NA $1,146.3 $412.7
Total, All Conditions $1,193.8 $429.8
Source: Bloom et al. (1993).
Notes: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding. Intravenous drug use is estimated to cause 36 percent of hepatitis C (HCV) cases. Total probability of chronic disease stage (50 percent) is less than the sum of specific categories because more than one category of chronic stage is possible with any given case.

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