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National Institute on Drug Abuse

Director's Report to the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse

May, 1997


Preventing Drug Use Among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide:

NIH Publication #97-4212, NCADI #PHD734

This guide is designed to provide important research-based concepts and information to further efforts to develop and carry out effective drug abuse prevention programs. The information contained in this document was developed in consultation with prevention scientists. This guide presents an overview of the research on the origins and pathways of drug abuse, the basic principles derived from effective drug abuse prevention research, and the application of research results to the prevention of drug use among young people.

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse -Advance Report, December 1996

NIH Publication #97-4203

The Advance Report is biannual and provides descriptive information on the most recent significant trends, emerging problems and populations at risk. The style of the report is designed for a wide audience and is intended to alert researchers, program officials and the general community to the current status of drug use and abuse.

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse -Executive Summary, Volume I, December 1996

NIH Publication # 97-4204

Volume I of this report provides a detailed and quantitatively driven overview of current drug abuse patterns and trends. The report provides program administrators and officials with specific indicators and ethnographic information on current patterns and trends as well as emerging problems.

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse -Meeting Proceedings, Volume II, June 1997

NIH Publication #97-4205

Volume II of this report contains the edited research reports submitted by the Work Group participants and special presentations made at the biannual meetings. It provides an in-depth analysis of the epidemiologic trends and special reports for a limited audience made up primarily of drug abuse researchers who can utilize this volume to identify potential areas for further research.

Meta-Analysis of Drug Abuse Prevention Program

NIH Publication #97-4146

The purpose of this monograph is to inform the drug abuse prevention research and practitioner community of recent advances in research integration methods and scientific findings in the area of drug abuse prevention programs.

The Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use: Improving the Accuracy of Survey Estimates

NIH Publication #97-4147

This monograph reviews and presents cutting-edge research on the validity of self-reported drug use and discusses methodological advances designed to reduce total error on estimates involving drug use data.

The Problems of Drug Dependence 1996: Proceedings of the 58th Annual Scientific Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence

NIH Publication #97-4226

This volume provides the most current information regarding the findings of preclinical and clinical researchers. The contents are written by participants in the annual scientific meeting.

The Treatment of Comorbid Mental and Addictive Disorders

NIH Publication #97-4172

The purpose of this monograph is to promote the effective treatment of individuals with comorbid mental and addictive disorders by reporting state-of-the-science treatment research on individuals with comorbid mental and addictive disorders, and research on HIV-related issues in this population.

Hilborn, M.D., Rane, S.G., and Pollock, J.D. EGF in Combination with Depolarization or cAMP Produces Morphological but not Physiological Differentiation in PC12 Cells. J Neurosci Res 47(1), pp. 16-26, 1997.

Mingting, T., Broxmeyer, H.E., Fan, Y., Lai, Z., Zhang, S., Aronica, S., Cooper, S., Bigsby, R.M., Steinmetz, R., Engle, S.J., Mestek, A., Pollock, J.D., Lehman, M.N., Jansen, H.T., M.Y., Stambrook, P.J., Tischfield, J., and Yu, L. Altered Hematopoiesis, Behavior, and Sexual Function in µ Opioid Receptor-Deficient Mice. J. Exp. Med. 185, pp. 1517-1522, 1997.

Delany, P. Shaping the Drug Abuse Research Agenda: The Role of Social Work, Invited Commentary in Issues of Substance, 2(1), 1997.

Acri, J.B., Wong, G., Lyon, T., Witkin, J.M., and Basile, A.S. Localization and Pharmacological Characterization of Pigeon Diazepam-Insensitive GABAA Receptors. Neuroscience, 77(2), pp. 371-378, 1997.

Ambrosio, E., Sharpe, L.G., and Pilotte, N.S. Regional Binding to Corticotropin Releasing Factor Receptors in Brain of Rats Exposed to Chronic Cocaine and Cocaine Withdrawal. Synapse, 25, pp. 272-276, 1997.

Najavits, L.M., Gastfriend, D.R., Nakayama, E.Y., Barber, J.P., Blaine, J.D., Frank, A., Muentz, L., and Thase, M. A Measure of Readiness for Substance Abuse Treatment: Psychometric Properties of the RAATE-R Interview. The American Journal on Addictions, 6(1), pp. 74-82, 1997.

Barber, J.P., Frank, A., Weiss, R., Blaine, J.D., Siqueland, L., Moras, K., Calvo, N., Chittams, J., Mercer, D., Salloum, I. Prevalence and Correlates of Personality Disorder Diagnoses Among Cocaine Dependent Outpatients. Journal of Personality Disorders, 10(4), pp. 297-311, 1996.

A chapter entitled "Behavioral Therapy Research: A Conceptualization of a Process," written by Lisa Onken, Jack Blaine, and Robert Battjes, all of DCSR, appeared in the recently published book, Innovative Approaches for Difficult-to-Treat Populations, Henggeler and Santos (Editors), 1997.

A "Special Section" of Psychological Science entitled "Behavioral Therapy Development and Psychological Science" is scheduled to be published in the journal's May 1997 issue. The Special Section, edited by Lisa Onken, is the result of a May 1996 meeting aimed at linking basic behavioral science with behavioral therapy development research.

Hoffer, B.J. and Olson, L. Identification of the Nurr-1 Gene Product as a Critical Transcription Element for the Development of Midbrain DA Neurons. Science, April 11, 1997.

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