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NIDA Home > Publications > Director's Reports > May, 2009 Index    

Director's Report to the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse - May, 2009


NIDA Publications

Screening for Drug Use in General Medical Settings: Quick Reference Guide
(Publication Date: April 2009)
NIH Pub. No.: 09-7384

This pocket guide briefly summarizes the questions from the NIDA Modified WHO Assist (Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test), how to score the test, and the steps involved in discussing screening results and providing a brief intervention based on assessed level of risk. It is a complement to NIDA's online screening tool, as part of the NIDAMED initiative.

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse, Volume I: Executive Summary
June 2008 (Publication Date: May 2009)
NIH Pub. No. 09-6421

This report provides descriptive information on the most recent significant trends, emerging problems and populations at risk within and across areas participating in the Community Epidemiology Work Group. This report provides program administrators and officials with specific indicator data in tabular and graphic format, and ethnographic information on current patterns and trends as well as emerging problems.

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse, Volume II: Meeting Proceedings
June 2008 (Publication Date: May 2009)
NIH Pub. No. 09-6422

This volume contains the edited research reports submitted by the Work Group participants. It provides an in-depth analysis of the epidemiologic trends and special reports for a limited audience made up primarily of drug abuse researchers who utilize this volume to identify potential areas for further research.

National Survey Results From the Monitoring the Future Study 1975-2008: Overview of Key Findings 2008
(Publication Date: May 2009)

This publication provides a summary of drug use trends from a survey of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students nationwide. It also includes perceived risk, personal disapproval, and perceived availability of each drug by this group.

National Survey Results From the Monitoring the Future Study 1975-2008: Secondary Schools, Volume I
(Publication Date: June 2009)

This publication presents detailed results and data tables from the 2008 MTF survey of secondary school students regarding drug use and related attitudes.

National Survey Results From the Monitoring the Future Study 1975-2008: College and Adults Ages 19-50, Volume II
(Publication Date: July 2009)

This publication contains findings from the MTF survey of American college students, their age peers not in college, young adult high school graduates through age 30, and high school graduates ages 35, 40, 45, and 50.

Mentoring Guide for Drug Abuse Research: Tips for Mentors and Mentees
(Publication Date: July 2009)
NIH Pub. No.: 09-5770

This publication will describe "best practices" for recruiting, training, mentoring, and advancing the careers of highly talented scientists focused upon drug abuse epidemiological, services, and prevention research.

Mind Over Matter: The Brain's Response to Prescription Drugs
(Publication Date: June 2009)

This brochure will contain scientific information on how various prescription drugs act in the body and brain to elicit their effects. It will be designed to provide this information in a format that will use drug information to teach science and engender student interest in science, while also providing messages of the harmful effects associated with the abuse of prescription drugs.

NIDA's Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Volume 5, Number 1 - April 2009

This issue features three articles on drug abuse and criminal justice. In the first, Dr. Michael Prendergast describes how correctional drug treatment can improve outcomes for offenders upon release and stresses the importance of community aftercare for reducing relapse and recidivism. In the second, Dr. Carl Leukefeld and colleagues describe two projects for drug-abusing offenders re-entering the community after incarceration: the development of a set of re-entry guidelines through a Delphi process and an intervention to reduce post-release HIV risk in women offenders. Concluding the criminal justice feature, Ms. Melody Heaps and her colleagues at Treatment Alternatives for Safe Communities (TASC) of Illinois posit a recovery-oriented system of care for drug-abusing criminal offenders that exists outside of the justice system, comanages offender treatment, and provides other services to promote successful outcomes as well as public health and safety. Finally, addressing some of the medical complications of illicit drug use, Drs. Kristy Hendricks and Sherwood Gorbach describe the nutrition issues of chronic drug users living with HIV.

NIDA's Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Volume 5, Number 2 - Fall 2009

Two articles in this issue of Addiction Science & Clinical Practice describe the challenging process of implementing evidence-based practices in treatment settings. Dr. Michael S. Robbins and colleagues describe their implementation of Brief Strategic Family Therapy in community treatment centers, and Ms. Laurie Davidson and colleagues discuss the development and implementation of BASICS, an alcohol-abuse prevention program targeting college students, a population at high risk for substance abuse. Dr. Patricia E. Molina presents an overview of endocrine system physiology and reviews how drugs of abuse alter healthy endocrine function. Ms. Margaret Mroziewicz and Dr. Rachel F. Tyndale describe pharmacogenetics, the study of genetic influences on drug response, and how this field can impact addiction research and treatment. Finally, Dr. Sonia Minnes reviews the effects of prenatal drug exposure.


NIDA NOTES, Vol. 22, No. 3
The lead story explores how cocaine impairs ability to avoid detrimental outcomes. Research with rats shows that brain circuits that guide behavior by registering consequences become less flexible after drug exposure. Also included in the issue are features reporting that methamphetamine abusers show increased distractibility that corresponds to brain cell impairment; patients with injury to the insula brain region immediately lose the urge to smoke; prenatal nicotine exposure damages receptors that influence auditory processing; and cocaine influences receptors in the brain's reward system, thereby heightening the reinforcing effects of cocaine. The Director's Perspective announces NIDA's plans for stimulus funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

NIDA NOTES, Vol. 22, No. 4
The lead story reports that treating bipolar disorder and substance dependence together can reduce drug abuse. It tells how an integrated group counseling program improved outcomes in a difficult-to-treat dual-disorder population. The issue also features a mouse model for mania; a program that reduces girls' delinquent behavior; evidence that a dopamine receptor complex triggers cellular signaling; data identifying chromosome sites linked with nicotine addiction in two racial groups; and an intervention that shows long-term benefits in children with disruptive behavior disorder. The Director's Perspective emphasizes the importance of treating addiction as a chronic disease.

NIDA NOTES, Vol. 22, No. 5
The lead story describes how computer-based interventions can promote drug abstinence by reinforcing and expanding the well-established benefits of therapy delivered by a counselor. The story presents three groundbreaking examples of interactive multimedia therapies that may reduce costs and extend access to treatment. Also included in the issue are features reporting an immunotherapy that shows promise as a treatment for methamphetamine abuse and overdose; evidence that a person's genetic makeup influences success in quitting smoking and also which smoking cessation technique works best; and a new technique that uses dime-size arrays of tiny needles, positioned beneath patches, that painlessly deliver naltrexone and other medications. Another feature explores how extended cocaine exposure impairs attention in rats. In the Director's Perspective, Dr. Nora Volkow examines the potential of physical exercise to prevent substance abuse.

CTN-Related Publications

Seven editions of the CTN Bulletin Board were distributed. The Bulletin Board is an electronic report on the progress of the protocols, committees, and node activity in the CTN. The Bulletin has wide readership within and outside the CTN and NIDA.

Data from 18 CTN trials are now available on the CTN Data Sharing Web Site. Nearly 300 research scientists have downloaded one or more data sets. These data sets are in compliance with HIPAA and CDISC (Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium) standards in support of the interoperability required by the NIH Roadmap.

International Program-Related Publications

NIDA International Program E-News Letter
April 2008 - This issue reported on the new IAS/NIDA fellowship program that focuses on HIV and drug abuse research; expanded efforts to promote Humphrey Fellowship recruitment; and a NIDA orientation program for 16 Humphrey, INVEST, and INVEST/CTN Fellows. The issue also introduced the new, Web-based NIDA International Program Fellowship Map and the NIH RePORT (Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool) Web site, announced awards for new INVEST/CTN and DISCA Fellowships, and related the recent achievements of NIDA Fellows or alumni.

Other Publications

Chandler R, Fletcher B, Volkow N. Treating drug abuse and addiction in the criminal justice system: improving public health and safety. JAMA. 301(2):183-90.

Compton WM, Saha TD, Conway KP, Grant BF. The role of cannabis use within a dimensional approach to cannabis use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2009;100:221-7.

Merikangas KR, Conway KP, Swendsen J, Febo V, Dierker L, Brunetto W, Stolar M, Canino G. Substance use and behavior disorders in Puerto Rican youth: A migrant family study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2009 Jan 15. [Epub ahead of print].

Booth B, Shields J, Chandler R. Recent achievements in alcohol and drug abuse health services research. Journal of Beh Health Service and Research. 36(1):5-10.

Mejia R, Jenkins RA, Carey JW, Amaro H, Morrill AC, Krech L, Logan JA, Cranston K. Longitudinal observation of an HIV prevention Community Planning Group (CPG). Health Promotion Practice. 2009;10:136-43.

Dr. Tom Hilton, SRB, DESPR, coauthored an article with Paul Spector, Tammy Allen, Lois Tetrick, and Nick Warren which was published in the January 2009 Society for Occupational Health Psychology Newsletter. The article was titled "The Future of OHP: The Experts Speak (Part I)" in which they commented on various aspects of the field of Occupational Health Psychology.

Vocci FJ, Montoya ID. Psychological treatments for stimulant misuse, comparing and contrasting those for amphetamine dependence and those for cocaine dependence. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2009;Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Vocci FJ. Cognitive remediation in the treatment of stimulant abuse disorders: a research agenda. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2008;16(6):484-97. Review.

Bjork JM, Momenan R, Hommer DW. Delay discounting correlates with proportional lateral frontal cortex volumes. Biol Psychiatry. 2008; Dec 31; (Epub ahead of print).

Bjork JM, Grant SJ. Does traumatic brain injury increase risk for substance abuse? J Neurotrauma. 2009; Feb 9; (Epub ahead of print).

Addiction: From Molecules to Neural Functions - the molecular and cellular mechanisms in the development of addiction. Eds. Da-Yu Wu, Jonathan D. Pollock and David Shurtleff. In Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology (special issue) ELS Elsevier April 2009.

Pollock JD, Ramaswami M The Genetics and Epigenetics of Addiction J Neurogenet. 2009 Feb 4:1. [Epub ahead of print].

Collins GT, Truccone A, Haji-Abdi F, Newman AH, Grundt P, Rice KC, Husbands SM, Greedy BM, Enguehard-Gueiffier C, Gueiffier A, Chen J, Wang S, Sunahara RK, Katz JL, Grandy DK, Woods JH. Pro-erectile effects ofdopamine D2-like agonists are mediated by the D3 receptor in rats and mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009; e-pub January 9, 2009.

Vahabzadeh M, Lin JL, Mezghanni M, Epstein DH, Preston KL. Automation in an addiction treatment research clinic: Computerised contingency management, ecological momentary assessment and a protocol workflow system. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2009;28(1):3-11.


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