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National Institute on Drug Abuse

Behavioral Therapies Development Program

Meeting Reports

Behavioral therapy research has been conceptualized to consist of three stages: (1) Stage I research (including the development, refinement, and pilot efficacy testing of behavioral interventions); (2) Stage II research (efficacy testing and replication of promising piloted behavioral therapies); and (3) Stage III research (studies to test the transferability to the community of behavioral therapies proven efficacious in Stage II studies. Numerous workshops are being held for clinical researchers that focus on Stage I, II and III and other topics related to Behavioral Therapy research. Summaries of all relevant meetings will be posted below.

December 3-4, 1996
Treatment Readiness: Factors Influencing Entry and Engagement (Workshop)

The meeting brought together ethnographers who are studying drug abusers perspectives on treatment, researchers who focus on motivation to change, and researchers studying alternative treatment approaches. It was designed to clarify factors that impact acceptability and accessibility of treatment and also to consider directions for future research that will lead to improved recruitment strategies, treatment approaches, and more acceptable treatment environments.

April 23-24, 1997
1995-1997 Stage 1 Investigators Workshop

The purpose of this meeting was to facilitate NIDA's Stage 1 behavioral therapies development research program. Investigators discussed inherent difficulties in conducting Stage 1 projects, and in progressing from a successful Stage I project to Stage II. Senior Stage I investigators (funded in 1993/1994) were present to share their experience in conducting an early behavioral therapy development research project.

July 31, 1997
Workshop on the Development of the POSIT HIV/STD-Risk Mini-Questionnaire

The POSIT screens for potential problems in ten functional areas (i.e., drug use/abuse; mental health; physical health; family relations; peer relations; social skills; educational status; vocational status; leisure/recreation; aggressive behavior/delinquency), thus providing clinicians and researchers with a valuable tool for use in identifying problems potentially in need of preventive, therapeutic or supportive services. The intention of convening this Workshop was to begin the process of developing a POSIT-like problem screen for an eleventh functional area, that being a short, detachable HIV/STD-risk mini-questionnaire that could be administered and scored with or without administering the POSIT.

September 4-5, 1997
Workshop on the Development of Treatment Strategies for Pre/Early Adolescent Drug Abuse

With the rise in adolescent drug abuse, and the clear association between drug use behaviors and HIV risk behaviors, special efforts need to be made to intervene early in the drug abuse/addiction process. Although family therapy for adolescents has been widely studied, non-family interventions are understudied, as are treatment interventions for adolescents who are abusing drugs, but not yet fully consumed by the addiction process. This meeting focused on 1) the investigation of special needs, concerns, and difficulties in treating adolescent substance abusers and 2) how to develop effective treatment strategies for both male and female adolescents and pre-adolescents. In addition, efforts to reduce and prevent HIV risky-behavior in drug abusing male and female adolescents were discussed.

September 8-9, 1997
Community-Based Stage III Behavioral Therapy Clinical Trials: Design and Methodology (Workshop)

Research testing the transportability of empirically supported therapies to the community, Stage III research, is an important component of the Behavioral Therapies Development Program. This workshop critically reviewed the behavioral therapies that have been shown to be efficacious in clinical trials (Stage II research) and addressed issues related to the development and implementation of Stage III clinical trials in community-based settings. This workshop also discussed design and methodological issues when studying the transportability of a behavioral therapy to community treatment settings. This meeting included behavioral therapy researchers as well as treatment providers so that input was obtained from practitioners in a variety of community-based treatment settings, serving different patient populations.

September 11-12, 1997
The Measurement of HIV Risk Behaviors for Treatment Research Studies (Workshop)

To integrate the measurement of HIV risk behaviors into treatment research studies, a meeting was convened to discuss available AIDS risk behavior instruments, their validity and reliability, and their relative utility. Prior to the meeting, an assessment was made of instruments currently available and being used. Meeting participants were asked to ascertain the best measures available for use within treatment research studies and to make recommendations on the need for further psychometric testing of existing instruments and the development of new instruments.

September 18-19, 1997
Behavioral Therapy Development and Psychological Science: Workshop II

These are part of a series of workshops that will link basic behavioral science with behavioral therapy development. The purpose of this meeting was to foster the development of new behavioral therapies that are based upon research in basic psychological science.

[Behavioral Therapies Development Program Index]

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