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Scientific Methods for Prevention Intervention Research



NIDA Research Monograph, Number 139 [Printed in 1994]

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Scientific Methods for Prevention Intervention Research-----1
Lula A. Beatty and Arturo Cázares

Prevention Intervention Research: Focus and Perspective-----5
Arturo Cázares

I. Theoretical Basis for Prevention Research Trials

Testing Theory Through Developmental Epidemiologically Based Prevention Research-----37
Sheppard G. Kellam

II. Hypothesis Formulation and Testing

Hypothesis Formulation and Testing in Substance Use Prevention Research-----59
William B. Hansen

Ill. Research Design and Other Methodological Issues

Target Populations and Interventions in Prevention Research: What Is High Risk?-----75
Mary Ann Pentz

Some Design, Measurement, and Analysis Pitfalls in Drug Abuse Prevention Research and How To Avoid Them: Let Your Model Be Your Guide-----95
Linda M. Collins

Correction for the Design Effect in School-Based Substance Use and Abuse Prevention Research: Sample Size Requirements and Analysis Considerations-----115
T. E. Dielman

IV. Measuring Effectiveness

Analysis of Mediating Variables in Prevention and Intervention Research-----127
David P. MacKinnon

Summary of Critiques From the Drug Abuse Epidemiology and Prevention Research Review Committee-----155
Raquel Crider and Eleanor Friedenberg

V. Special Research Considerations Regarding Minorities and Ethnicity

Issues in Drug Abuse Prevention Intervention Research With African Americans-----171
Lula A. Beatty

Drug Prevention Research With Hispanic Populations: Theoretical and Methodological Issues and a Generic Structural Model-----203
Felipe G. Castro, Mary P. Harmon, Kathryn Coe, and Helen M. Tafoya-Barraza

Drug Prevention Research With Native-American Populations: Some Considerations-----235
Grace Powless Sage

Drug Abuse Prevention Research Concerns in Asian and Pacific Islander Populations-----249
Ford H. Kuramoto




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