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National Institute on Drug Abuse -  NIDA NOTES
Tearoff
Volume 10, Number 2
March/April 1995

Drug Use Among 8th, 10th, and 12th Graders


The percentages below, from NIDA's 1994 Monitoring the Future study, track illicit drug use over the last 3 years among adolescents nationwide. Each year since 1975, when the study was first undertaken, the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research has surveyed a representative sample of America's 12th graders; 8th and 10th graders were surveyed for the first time in 1991. For highlights, see Marijuana, Other Drug Use Among Teens Continues to Rise


8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
1992 1993 1994 1992 1993 1994 1992 1993 1994
MARIJUANA/HASHISH
lifetime 11.2 12.6 16.7 21.4 24.4 30.4 32.6 35.3 38.2
annual 7.2 9.2 13.0 15.2 19.2 25.2 21.9 26.0 30.7
30-day 3.7 5.1 7.8 8.1 10.9 15.8 11.9 15.5 19.0
daily 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.0 2.2 1.9 2.4 3.6
INHALANTS
lifetime 17.4 19.4 19.9 16.6 17.5 18.0 16.6 17.4 17.7
annual 9.5 11.0 11.7 7.5 8.4 9.1 6.2 7.0 7.7
30-day 4.7 5.4 5.6 2.7 3.3 3.6 2.3 2.5 2.7
daily 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
HALLUCINOGENS
lifetime 3.8 3.9 4.3 6.4 6.8 8.1 9.2 10.9 11.4
annual 2.5 2.6 2.7 4.3 4.7 5.8 5.9 7.4 7.6
30-day 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.1 2.7 3.1
daily 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
COCAINE
lifetime 2.9 2.9 3.6 3.3 3.6 4.3 6.1 6.1 5.9
annual 1.5 1.7 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6
30-day 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5
daily * 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
CRACK COCAINE
lifetime 1.6 1.7 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.6 2.6 3.0
annual 0.9 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.9
30-day 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
daily * 0.1 * * * * 0.1 0.1 0.1
HEROIN
lifetime 1.4 1.4 2.0 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.2
annual 0.7 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.6
30-day 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3
daily * * 0.1 * * * * * *
STIMULANTS
lifetime 10.8 11.8 12.3 13.1 14.9 15.1 13.9 15.1 15.7
annual 6.5 7.2 7.9 8.2 9.6 10.2 7.1 8.4 9.4
30-day 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.3 4.5 2.8 3.7 4.0
daily 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL
lifetime 69.3 67.1 55.8** 82.3 80.8 71.1** 87.5 87.0 80.4**
annual 53.7 51.6 46.8** 70.2 69.3 63.9** 76.8 76.0 73.0**
30-day 26.1 26.2 25.5** 39.9 41.5 39.2** 51.3 51.0 50.1**
daily 0.6 0.8 1.0** 1.2 1.6 1.7** 3.4 2.5 2.9**
CIGARETTES (ANY USE)
lifetime 45.2 45.3 46.1 53.5 56.3 56.9 61.8 61.9 62.0
annual NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
30-day 15.5 16.7 18.6 21.5 24.7 25.4 27.8 29.9 31.2
1/2 pack + per day 2.9 3.5 3.6 6.0 7.0 7.6 10.0 10.9 11.2
STEROIDS
lifetime 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.4
annual 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
30-day 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9
daily * 0.1 * * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4


* Indicates less than 0.05 percent.
** In 1994, the question text was changed slightly to indicate that a "drink" meant "more than a few sips." Because the new wording requires heavier use to elicit a positive response, it suggests that alcohol use declined from 1993 to 1994. Use actually remained approximately the same.

From NIDA NOTES, March/April, 1995


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