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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 5.3

Number of Deaths Attributable to Alcohol Abuse, 1992

Cause ICD-9 Code Percent Attributed This Study Percent Attributed Rice et al. (1990) Estimate This Study, 1992 Data Estimate Rice et al. (1990), 1985 Data
DIRECT PRIMARY CAUSES
Alcoholic psychoses 291.0 100 100 384 368
Alcohol dependence syndrome 303.0 100 100 5,217 4,188
Nondependent abuse of alcohol 305.0 100 100 788 750
Alcoholic polyneuropathy 357.5 100 100 4 2
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy 425.5 100 100 878 767
Alcoholic gastritis 535.3 100 100 90 61
Alcoholic cirrhosis 571.0-571.3 100 100 11,868 11,288
Excessive blood level of alcohol 790.3 100 100 34 12
Accidental poisoning - alcohol E860.0-E860.1 100 100 179 175
Subtotal 19,442 17,611
DIRECT SECONDARY CAUSES
Respiratory tuberculosis 011-012 25 25 329 342
Malignant neoplasm of lip, cavity, and pharynx 140-149 50 (men)
40 (women)
47 3,741 3,896
Malignant neoplasm - esophagus 150 75 75 7,665 6,460
Malignant neoplasm - stomach 151 20 20 2,700 2,790
Malignant neoplasm of liver and interhepatic bile ducts 155 15 15 1,411 1,021
Malignant neoplasm of larynx 161 50 (men)
40 (women)
49 1,894 1,716
Diabetes mellitus 250 5 5 2,423 1,848
Essential hypertension 401 8 0 416 0
Cerebrovascular disease 430-438 7 0 9,985 0
Pneumonia and influenza 480-487 5 5 3,693 3,378
Diseases of esophagus, stomach, and duodenum 530-537
(not 535.3)
10 10 892 943
Chronic hepatitis 571.4 50 0 349 0
Cirrhosis of liver w/out alcohol 571.51 50 50 5,654 6,667
Biliary cirrhosis 571.6 0 50 0 (w/571.5)
Other chronic nonalcoholic liver damage 571.8 50 0 199 0
Unspec. chronic liver disease without mention of alcohol 571.9 50 0 118 0
Portal hypertension 572.3 50 0 67 0
Acute pancreatitis 577.0 42 41 907 917
Chronic pancreatitis 577.1 60 67 126 159
Subtotal 42,569 30,137
INJURIES AND ADVERSE EFFECTS INDIRECTLY ATTRIBUTED TO ALCOHOL
Motor vehicle accidents E810-E825 42 51 17,196 23,190
Pedal cycle, other road accidents E826,
E8292
20 20 45 76
Water transport accidents E830-E838 20 35 167 388
Air and space transport accidents E840-E845 16 10 175 143
Accidental falls E880-E888 35 41 4,372 4,919
Accidents caused by fire/flames E890-E899 45 42 1,831 2,067
Accidental drowning, submersion E910 38 30 1,339 1,851
Suicide and self-inflicted injury E950-E959 28 13 8,476 3,828
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (Rice et al. [1990]: 960-8) E960-E969 46 42 11,609 8,329
Other injuries and adverse effects (Rice et al. [1990] used different coding) E901, E911
E917, E918
E919, E920
E922, E980
25 11 139 2,229
Subtotal 45,349 47,020
TOTAL 107,360 94,768

Sources: Analysis by The Lewin Group based on data from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1993), Stinson et al. (1993), National Center for Health Statistics (1996b), and Rice et al. (1990).
Note: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.
1Rice et al. (1990) included 571.6 in this category.
2Rice et al. (1990) included E825 in this category.


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