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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 5.12

Summary of Estimated Productivity Losses in the Workforce Due to Alcohol and Drug Disorders, 1992

Gender Group Nature of Impact Basis for Estimate Labor Market Status/ Diagnosis No. of Persons With Loss
(in millions)
Size of Impact
(percent)
Cost to Society
(billions of dollars)
ALCOHOL DISORDERS
Males Lower wages/ productivity Regression 5 Employed, ever alcohol dependent - 1st drink by age 15 2.117 13.1* 23.631
Males Lower wages/ productivity Regression 5 Employed, ever alcohol dependent - 1st drink after age 14 11.489 4.4* 43.075
Females No statistically significant impacts
Subtotal, Alcohol 13.569   $66.706
DRUG DISORDERS
Males Lower wages/ productivity Regression 5 Employed, ever drug dependent 2.855 9.4* $10.538
Females Excess unemployment Regression 7 Unemployed, ever drug dependent .136 7.1* $3.677
Subtotal, Drug Abuse 3.006   $14.205
TOTAL 16.575   $80.911

*These estimates are from the regression analysis above. They were not directly used in development of the cost estimates on this table. A microsimulation technique was employed that estimated expected earnings and/or employment for the alcohol- and drug-dependent populations, respectively, when dependent and not affected by alcohol or drug dependence.


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