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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 5.10

Regression Results for Single-Disorder Impact Estimates (each cell represents a separate regression)

Alcohol or Drug Use Disorder Logistic Regression:
Earnings Past Month > 0

OLS Regression:
ln (Earnings/Hr Past Month)

Reduced Model Full Model Reduced Model Full Model
Results for Males

Alcohol dependence

-0.029
(0.069)
0.096
(0.075)
-0.082
(0.018)**
-0.050
(0.017)**Ø
Alcohol dependence
  and early drinking

-0.440
(0.156)**

-0.306
(0.167)*

-0.178
(0.048)**

-0.099
(0.045)**

  and later drinking 0.109
(0.067)
0.161
(0.073)**
-0.065
(0.025)*
0.041
(0.022)*

Drug dependence

-0.149
(0.166
-0.034
(0.169)
-0.153
(0.036)**
-0.098
(0.034)*Ø
Results for Females

Alcohol dependence

0.035
(0.073)
0.010
(0.071)
-0.042
(0.025)
-0.043
(0.023)Ø
Alcohol dependence
  and early drinking -0.346
(0.177)*
-0.323
(0.180)*
-0.046
(0.083)
-0.011
(0.079)
  and later drinking 0.083
(0.075)
0.046
(0.075)
-0.041
(0.040)
0.047
(0.037)

Drug dependence

-0.283
<0.106)**
-0.255
(0.107)**
-0.054
(0.046)
0.008
(0.043)Ø

Source: Analysis of National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey.
Notes: Other variables included in the reduced model are age, age squared, ethnicity, rural/urban residence, and the number of children living in the individual's household. Other variables in the full model include educational attainment, marital status, and whether the stated occupation was a skilled profession.
"Early drinking" means initiation of drinking (other than "sips") before reaching age 15. "Later drinking" means initiation of drinking at age 15 or older.
Values in parentheses are standard errors of the coefficients.
SUDAAN software was used to correct standard errors for sampling design.
* indicates significance at 0.10 level.
** indicates significance at 0.05 level.
Ø indicates that the estimated standard error was not corrected for the sampling design (estimated with SAS). Such correction leads to increases in estimated standard errors of up to 20 percent.


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