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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 4.6

Hospital Episodes Primarily for Alcohol or Drug Abuse Disorders, 1992

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Disorders Requiring Hospitalization

ICD-9 Code

Discharges

Days

Average LOS* in days

Primary Alcohol Episodes

Alcohol psychoses

291

47,895

290,831

6.07

Alcohol dependence

303

241,645

2,314,599

9.58

Nondependent abuse of alcohol

305.0

26,885

91,847

3.42

Toxic effects of ethyl alcohol

980.0

4,388

10,129

2.31

Total, Alcohol Abuse

320,813

2,707,406

8.44

Primary Drug Abuse Episodes

Drug psychoses

292.0

14,679

118,599

8.08

Drug dependence

304.0

92,850

986,364

10.62

Nondependent abuse of drugs

305.2
305.9

20,439

146,256

7.16

Poisoning by opiates and related narcotics

965.0

5,233

20,506

3.92

Poisoning by sedatives and hypnotics

967

7,452

22,335

3.00

Poisoning by central nervous system muscle tone depressants

968

2,102

3,639

1.73

Poisoning by psychotropic agents

969

57,893

171,300

2.96

Poisoning by central nervous system stimulants

970

2,968

10,176

3.43

Total, Drug Abuse

203,616

1,479,175

7.26

Total 524,429 4,186,581 7.98

Source: Analysis by The Lewin Group.
Note: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.
*LOS = length of stay.


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