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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 4.24

Studies on Mental Disorder-Induced Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Mental Illness Disorder Relationship Substance Citation
Major depressive Associated Alcohol, drugs Deykin et al. 1987
Social phobia Associated Alcohol Judd 1994
Traumatic neurosis Self-medication Alcohol Lacoursiere et al. 1980
Major depressive episode and anxiety Associated Drugs Christie et al. 1988
Depression Associated Cocaine Kosten et al. 1987
Depression, hypomania, and hyperactivity Self-medication/ self-selection Cocaine Khantzian 1985
Altered ego state Associated/ self-selection Heroin Milkman and Frosch 1973
Rage and aggression Self-medication/ self-selection Heroin Khantzian 1985
Depression Supports self-medication Opiates Rounsaville et al. 1982
Premorbid adaptation Self-selection Amphetamines Milkman and Frosch 1973

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