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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 4.19

Treatment Costs per Acute Hepatitis B Virus Case

Disease Stages/Conditions Probability of Stage
(%)
Number of Cases in 1992 Cost per Case in 1992
(dollars)
Total HBV Treatment Expenditures
(millions of dollars)
Total IVDU-Related HBV Expenditures
(millions of dollars)
Acute Disease Only
Subclinical 65.7 131,400 $6 $0.8 $0.1
Clinical, nonfulminant 34.0 68,000 $703 $47.8 $5.7
Fulminant 0.3 600 $12,124 $7.2 $0.9
Subtotal, Acute 100.0 200,000 NA $55.9 $6.7
Chronic Disease
Chronic carrier state 3.9 2,657 $950 $2.5 $0.3
Chronic persistent state 2.0 1,363 $1,618 2.2 $0.3
Chronic active hepatitis 2.6 1,771 $67,486 $119.6 $14.3
Primary hepatic cancer 1.3 886 $103,148 $91.4 $11.0
Subtotal, Chronic 6-10 6,677 NA $215.6 $25.9
Total, All Conditions $271.5 $32.6
Source: Bloom et al. (1993).
Note: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding. Intravenous drug use is estimated to cause 12 percent of hepatitis B (HBV) cases.


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