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The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States - 1992

Table 4.10

Non-Federal Hospital Days and Associated Costs Resulting From Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1992

Days of Care (thousands)

Costs
(millions)

Alcohol

Alcohol-specific illnesses

409

$414

Alcohol-related illnesses

3,985

$4,033

Additional days from co-occurring alcohol disorders1

871

$881

Subtotal, Alcohol

5,265

$5,328

Drug Abuse

Drug abuse-specific illnesses

1

$1

Drug abuse-related illnesses

*

*

Additional days from drug disorders1

511

$517

Subtotal, Drug Abuse

512

$518

TOTAL, Alcohol and Drug Abuse-Caused Illness and Days

5,777

$5,846

Treatment of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Disorders

Alcohol disorder treatment

2,707

$9732

Drug disorder treatment

1,479

$6492

Subtotal, Alcohol and Drug Disorder Treatment

4,186

$1,622

TOTAL, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Hospital Cost and Days

9,963

$7,468

1Calculations of additional days resulting from alcohol abuse disorders exclude the days of care for alcohol-related illnesses in order to avoid double counting. For drug abuse, the proportion of discharges for which the additional days are calculated is assumed to be the same as for alcohol. Additional days from combined alcohol and drug abuse disorders are evenly split between alcohol and drug abuse. These values exclude effects on newborns, which are discussed more fully under special disease groups.

2The average cost per day for regular acute hospitalization, $1,012, is discussed below. Analysis of NDATUS presented in section 4.2 suggests that the cost per day for the treatment of alcohol and drug disorders on average ranges from $340 to $440, depending on sources of revenue. Because the days of care listed here are comparable to those found from analysis of NDATUS, the costs for hospital-based treatment presented in table 4.3 are also presented here.

*These costs are estimated in section 4.4, "Special Disease Groups."

Source: Analysis by The Lewin Group.
Note: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.


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