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National Institute on Drug Abuse

Director's Report to the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse

September, 1997


Meetings/Conferences


On May 9, 1997, NIDA's Office of Science Policy and Communication (OSPC) held the "Second Annual Training Directors' Meeting" in Bethesda, Maryland, cochaired by Dr. Alan I. Leshner, NIDA Director, and Dr. Timothy P. Condon, NIDA Associate Director for Science Policy, Director of OSPC, and NIDA's Research Training Coordinator. This meeting brought together 40 of the 44 NIDA training directors to meet with NIDA staff to discuss administrative and research training issues. This annual meeting was established to facilitate communication and collaboration among the NIDA training directors and NIDA staff in order to enhance the training experience of the next generation of drug abuse researchers.

NIDA organized a "Town Meeting" in Chicago, Illinois entitled "Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: Myth Vs. Reality" on May 30, 1997. Dr. Leshner and NIDA researchers discussed ways that policy makers, organizations, practitioners, schools and communities can utilize the latest scientific research to assess state and local drug problems and develop programs to meet these needs. In conjunction with the Chicago Town Meeting, Congressman John Porter of the 10th District of Illinois co-sponsored a community meeting with parents, teachers, and community leaders at Glenbrook South High School in Glenview, Illinois. Congressman Porter addressed the community and Dr. Leshner discussed the current state of scientific knowledge on drug abuse and addiction and the implications for prevention and treatment.

The NIDA Office on AIDS (OoA) provided a state-of-the-science review of research on drug abuse and AIDS at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) Fifty-Ninth Annual Meeting June 14-19, 1997 in Nashville. During the five days of the meeting, six invited symposia on HIV/AIDS and drug abuse issues were held, as well as two oral and three poster sessions. An impressive group of National and International experts provided an overview of basic immunology and virology of HIV disease and the status of therapeutic interventions, described the epidemiology of HIV infection and AIDS and its relationship to drug abuse, and summarized research opportunities for drug abuse researchers in the HIV/AIDS area. The 1997 meeting marked CPDD's first integrated focus on the breadth of issues surrounding drug abuse and HIV/AIDS. The AIDS forum successfully highlighted scientific advances and research opportunities. The AIDS focus at CPDD was well-received and the NIDA symposia were extremely well attended, with wide representation from within the drug abuse field as well as from other fields of investigation now linked to drug abuse through AIDS research. The scientific community was receptive to the AIDS-related issues and their relevance, and responsive to NIDA's efforts to address drug abuse-related aspects of the AIDS epidemic.

On July 31, the NIDA OoA and the NIH OAR and OBSSR, representing the NIH Behavioral and Social Sciences Interest Group and the NIH AIDS Interest Group, sponsored an NIH Minisymposium, "Substance Abuse and AIDS: Research from the Behavioral and Social Sciences". National and international experts presented on the epidemiology of HIV, substance abuse, and related risk behaviors; basic behavioral research on addiction, cognitive consequences, impulsive behavior and risk behavior; basic social science research, social network analysis, and ethnography; and intervention research, risk reduction and outreach, needle and syringe access and exchange, and addiction treatment. The minisymposium was well attended and a summary of the proceedings will be published.

A Northwest Regional Workshop on HIV Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men was sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, the Seattle-King County Department of Public Health, the Washington State Department of Health, and the Washington State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Agency. The Workshop was held September 3-5, 1997, in Seattle, Washington and included national and Northwest region leaders in substance abuse and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention as it relates to men who have sex with men (MSM) and their use of drugs, especially methamphetamines.

A Work Group meeting on "The Development of a POSIT (Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers) HIV/STD-Risk Mini-Questionnaire" was held on July 31, 1997 in Washington, D.C. The Work Group was sponsored by the Treatment Research Branch, Division of Clinical and Services Research and co-chaired by Drs. Elizabeth Rahdert and Dorynne Czechowicz.

The Medications Development Division sponsored a workshop at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting in Nashville, Tennessee. The workshop was co-chaired by Drs. Anna Rose Childress and Frank Vocci. The theme of the workshop was "Sex, Food, and Drug Incentives: Implications of a Common Substrate for the Development of Anti Craving Medications".

A Work Group meeting on "The Development of Early Treatment Strategies for Pre/Early Adolescent Drug Abuse" was held on September 4-5, 1997 in Rockville, MD. The Work Group was sponsored by the Treatment Research Branch, Division of Clinical and Services Research and co-chaired by Drs. Elizabeth Rahdert, Lisa Onken and Dorynne Czechowicz.

"Drugs of Abuse: the Role of Neural and Behavioral Plasticity in Chronic Drug Abuse" was held at FASEB's Copper Mountain facility in Colorado. The meeting, organized by Drs. Kathryn Cuningham, David Wessinger, and Nancy Pilotte focused on how the brain adapts to chronic drug exposure.

The Medications Development Division presented on "An Open Label Pilot Safety Study of Lofexidine for the Treatment of Opiate Withdrawal" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence in Nashville, TN in June 1997.

NIDA's Behavioral Science Working Group held a satellite conference at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society titled "Cognitive Science Research: More Than Thinking About Drug Abuse" on May 23, 1997. The conference was organized by Dr. David Shurtleff.

The Behavioral Sciences Research Branch sponsored a symposium entitled "Cognitive Science Research: Applications to Drug Abuse" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence in Nashville, TN in June 1997.

The Behavioral Sciences Research Branch, DBR has made presentations at various universities to emphasize NIDA's interest in broadening the base of behavioral sciences research. Recent presentations were held at Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, and the University of Maryland College Park. Staff included Drs. Jaylan Turkkan, David Shurtleff, and Cora Lee Wetherington.

The Division of Basic Research held a two-day workshop titled "New Opportunities in Behavioral and Pain Research on AIDS and Drug Abuse" on July 29-30, 1997. The workshop hosted a number of basic and clinical researchers who discussed their research at the intersection of behavioral sciences, AIDS and drug abuse; a second day of the workshop focused on pain and opiates in AIDS. NIDA's Office on AIDS, The Behavioral Sciences Research Branch and The Behavioral Neurobiology Research Branch were integrally involved in planning this event.

On July 9-10, 1997, the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research sponsored a meeting on Child Psychopathology Risk Factors for Drug Abuse: Features and Mechanisms, co-chaired by Drs. Naimah Weinberg and Meyer Glantz, held in Gaithersburg, MD. Seventeen experts in the field of child psychopathology and development participated in one and a half days of discussion on features and models of risk, and generated a consensus report.

NIDA's Special Populations Office sponsored a research development workshop on morphine and nitric oxide on June 4 - 6, 1997 in Melville, NY. Participants were women and underrepresented minority postdoctoral fellows and faculty. The scientific chair was Dr. George Stefano of SUNY/Old Westbury, and cosponsors were Nikon, Hewlett-Packard, Image Analytics Corporation, and Morrell Instrument Company.

On June 13-14, 1997 the Hispanic Work Group sponsored by NIDA's Special Populations Office held a research meeting on Hispanic issues in drug abuse including a session on AIDS (supported by the Office on AIDS) as part of the CPDD conference in Nashville. NIDA Director, Alan I. Leshner, Ph.D., and Deputy Director, Richard A. Millstein, participated and spoke.

A workshop, "The Development and Retention of African American Investigators in Research Careers," was sponsored by NIDA's Special Populations Office with support from the Office of Research on Minority Health on June 26 -27, 1997 in Bethesda. Presenters included Dr. Luther Williams from the National Science Foundation, Dr. Edmund Gordon from Yale, Dr. Jerry Bryant from the United Negro College Fund, Dr. Gwendolyn Keita from the American Psychological Association and faculty from Emory, Johns Hopkins, University of Michigan, Howard, and the University of Colorado. A publication is being prepared based on the papers presented.

NIDA's Special Populations Office cosponsored "Diversity 2000," a mentoring program of the American Psychological Association to stimulate interest in research for community college students. It was held August 13-14, 1997 in Chicago during the annual meeting of the Association. NIDA's Special Populations Office initiated a summer research program for students from ethnic/minority populations underrepresented in the biomedical and behavioral research sciences. Twenty-two undergraduates were placed with NIDA grantees for 8 - 10 week research experiences.

On July 24, 1997 NIDA sponsored a meeting to address an initiative raised during the May meeting of the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse. The topic was disclosure issues for releasing microdata from grant supported research. This meeting was chaired by Andrea Kopstein of the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research. Participants included a panel of experts on data confidentiality and disclosure. The panelists were both Federal employees and NIDA researchers.

Dr. Frank Vocci, MDD. presented on "Translating Research into Treatments: Successes and Challenges" at the FASEB meeting at Copper Mountain on August 15, 1997.

Dr. Frank Vocci, MDD presented on Medications Development, Treatment and Prevention at the 1997 ONDCP International Technology Symposium on August 20, 1997 in Chicago, Illinois.

On July 22, 1997 Dr. Peter Cohen of MDD spoke on "Ethical Issues in Treating Cocaine Addicts with a Vaccine" at a miniworkshop, Science, Ethics and Regulatory Issues in the Development of Peripheral Cocaine Blocking Agents for Treating Cocaine Addiction, sponsored by NIDA's Medication Development Division's Treatment Workgroup.

On June 11-12, 1997, Dr. Lisa Onken attended the second National Planning Summit on Scientifically- based Behavioral Health Practice Guidelines. The Summit was held in Minneapolis, MN, and had representatives from both APAs, AABT, AAAPP, nursing organizations, the Center for Mental Health Services, managed care companies, etc. At the meeting, it was agreed to begin work on writing a "guideline for guidelines" on practice. Meeting participants also agreed that practice guidelines must be evidence-based.

On August 20, 1997, Drs. Stephen R. Zukin and Lisa Onken chaired a planning meeting for the National Conference on Drug Addiction Treatment, scheduled for April 1998. Numerous organizations were invited to attend this planning meeting and to serve as collaborating organizations for the Conference.

Dr. Rao S. Rapaka attended the International Cannabinoid Research Society Meeting at Stone Mountain, held in Atlanta, GA June 20-22, 1997 and made a presentation on NIDA's role in drug abuse research.

Drs. Tom Aigner, Jaylan Turkkan, and Jack Blaine promoted NIDA's continuing interest in nicotine research in a Question and Answer session on June 14th in Nashville, TN, at the Third Annual Meeting of The Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, a satellite meeting prior to The College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting.

On June 12-13, 1997, Ms. Adele Roman, Deputy Women's Health Coordinator, and Dr. Elizabeth Rahdert, DCSR/TRB, participated in the second of four regional workshops sponsored by the NIH Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH). The meeting, held in New Orleans, LA, focused on sex/gender issues and their influence on research on women's health, continuing or emerging gaps in knowledge about women's health, and career issues of concern to women scientists.

On July 22-23, 1997, Ms. Roman, Deputy Women's Health Coordinator, Dr. Lula Beatty, Chief of the Special Populations Office, and Ms. Katherine Davenny, DCSR/CMB, participated in the third regional workshop sponsored by ORWH. The meeting, held in Santa Fe, NM, focused on women's health research, with particular reference to differences among populations of women, continuing gaps in knowledge, emerging scientific issues, and issues of concern to minority women scientists.

Dr. Jaylan Turkkan attended a conference sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation entitled "New Partnerships and Paradigms for Tobacco Prevention Research" in Sundance, Utah in May. Neurobiological and behavioral scientists joined with prevention researchers and marketing experts to explore how interdisciplinary approaches can be used to prevent teens from smoking.

Dr. Turkkan represented NIDA at a meeting at the Carnegie Mellon University entitled "Neurobehavioral Economics of Craving", a meeting that sought to bring together micro- and non traditional economists with craving and other drug abuse researchers to learn how the brain, visceral and emotional factors may lead to impulsive decision making.

Dr. Lula Beatty presented a paper on African Americans in drug abuse research at the workshop, "The Development and Retention of African American Investigators in Research Careers," sponsored by NIDA's Special Populations Office with support from the Office of Research on Minority Health on June 26-27, 1997 in Bethesda, MD.

Dr. Lula Beatty was a member of the National Convention Committee for the Association of Black Psychologists. The meeting was held August 6-9, 1997 in Washington, DC.

Dr. Lula Beatty chaired three sessions at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, August 14-19, 1997, in Chicago. They were: Prevention of Tobacco Use and Other Substance Abuse by Teens (a session of the Prevention miniconvention sponsored by OBSSR, NIH), Black Women in Psychology: Old Issues and New Challenges, and Health and Strengths (of African American women).

Dr. Lula Beatty attended the meeting, "Beyond Hunt Valley," sponsored by the Office of Research on Women's Health on July 21- 23, 1997 in Santa Fe. She participated in the career development work group.

Dr. Lula Beatty presented a session on drug abuse and research careers for a high school summer research program at Meharry School of Medicine in Nashville on June 16, 1997.

Dr. Lula Beatty presented a session with Dr. Joseph Frascella of DCSR on research opportunities at NIDA for faculty from Fisk, Meharry, and Tennessee State on June 17, 1997 at Fisk University in Nashville.

Pamela Goodlow presented an overview of NIDA at the Diversity 2000 meeting at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association in Chicago on August 14, 1997.

Mr. Nicholas Kozel, DEPR, chaired the biannual meeting of the Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG) which was held in Washington, D.C. on June 24-25, 1997. The CEWG is composed of researchers from 21 metropolitan areas of the United States who meet semiannually to report on patterns and trends of drug abuse in their respective areas; emerging drugs of abuse; vulnerable populations and factors that may place people at risk of drug use and abuse; and, negative health and social consequences. Reports are based on drug abuse indicator data, such as morbidity and mortality information, treatment data and local and State law enforcement data. Additional sources of information include criminal justice, correctional, medical and community health data, local and State survey information and research findings from ethnographic studies. In addition, the fourth meeting of the International Epidemiology Work Group (IEWG) on Drug Abuse was held in conjunction with the CEWG meeting on June 26-27, 1997.

Ms. J.C. Comolli presented an assessment of U.S. patterns and trends in drug abuse and AIDS at the NIDA International Satellite Meeting to CPDD. Ms. Comolli provided an overview of the U.S. perspective and included an update on surveillance data linking the drug abuse and AIDS epidemics.

Dr. Steven Gust presented on NIDA's AIDS Research Program at the Behavioral Science Satellite sponsored by NIDA at the American Psychological Society (APS) Annual Meeting on May 23, 1997.

Drs. Steven Gust and Lynda Erinoff, and Mr. Noble Jones attended the "Research Synthesis Symposium on the Prevention of HIV in Drug Abusers," held in Flagstaff, Arizona, August 3-5. Dr. Gust, Acting Director of NIDA's Office on AIDS, was both a moderator and a presenter on a panel entitled, "Future Directions for Preventing HIV Among Drug Abusers: NIH and NIDA Perspectives.

Dr. Timothy P. Condon chaired a Grant Writing Workshop with Dr. Teresa Levitin, OEPR and Dr. Lucinda Miner, OSPC at the College on Problems in Drug Dependence Annual Meeting held in Nashville on June 17, 1997.

Dr. Timothy P. Condon participated in a nationwide cable broadcast, "The Meth Challenge: Threatening Communities Coast to Coast," produced by the Multijurisdictional Counterdrug Task Force Training program of the Criminal Justice Institute. Dr. Condon was featured as a member of a panel of national drug abuse experts chaired by James Copple, President of the Community Anti Drug Coalitions of America, and provided information on methamphetamine and answered phone in questions from the television audience.

Dr. Timothy P. Condon addressed the Leadership Council of the National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC) at their July 2 - 3, 1997 meeting in San Francisco. Dr. Condon provided information on communications research on drug abuse in a presentation titled "Drug Abuse and Communications Research: Lessons for the National Antidrug Campaign." Dr. Condon also conducted a workshop during the conference on "Utilizing Drug Abuse Research to Inform Treatment and Preventions Programs."

Dr. Timothy P. Condon gave a keynote address at the American Psychiatric Association's second annual Research Colloquium for Young Investigators. The aim of the conference was to bring young investigators into contact with peers throughout the country who are also attempting to develop careers in psychiatric research and to help to establish contacts with successful investigators.

Dr. Lucinda Miner, OSPC, represented NIDA at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, August 9 - 13, 1997, in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Miner discussed research funding opportunities from NIDA for sociologists and behavioral scientists.

Dr. Zili Sloboda presented a paper entitled, "Principles for Preventing Drug Abuse," at the NIDA Chicago Town Meeting. Dr. Sloboda also conducted a workshop with Ms. Shelly Coleman, the Director for Prevention of Gateway Youth Care Foundation of Chicago, on "Implementing Prevention Research into Practice." The NIDA Chicago Town Meeting was an opportunity to present NIDA's science within the framework of prevention and treatment practice.

On June 26, 1997 Arthur Hughes, DEPR/ERB made a presentation titled: National Trends and Seasonal Patterns of Drug-related Emergency Room Episodes at the Community Epidemiology Work Group/International Epidemiology Work Group meeting.

On July 2, Andrea Kopstein, DEPR attended the press release of a report produced by the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics entitled "America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being" which included 25 key indicators on critical aspects of children's lives, including behavior and environment. The 25 indicators, which will be updated annually, included two on alcohol and substance abuse.

Dr. Coryl Jones served as one of the NIDA representatives participating in the Fifth Annual Conference on Women's Health, Washington, DC, June 23-25, 1997.

Moira O'Brien, DEPR, served as moderator for a session on Epidemiology Research Methods during the International Research Satellite Meeting of the annual CPDD meeting, June 20, 1997, Nashville, Tennessee.

Dr. Coryl Jones represented NIDA on the Federal Task Force on Child Abuse and Neglect, which met June 4, 1997. She also presented a progress report on NIDA activities at the Federal Interagency Research Committee on Children in Washington, DC, June 4, 1997.

Richard H. Needle, Ph.D., M.P.H., Chief, Community Research Branch, DEPR, presented "An Overview on the History and Evolution of HIV Prevention Research," at the opening of the 4th scientific forum, "Research Synthesis Symposium on Prevention of HIV in Drug Abusers," held August 3-5, 1997, at Northern Arizona University, in Flagstaff, Arizona.

Richard H. Needle, Ph.D., M.P.H., Chief, Community Research Branch, DEPR, participated in the Northwest Regional Workshop, "HIV Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men," held September 3-5, 1997 at the University of Washington, in Seattle, Washington.

Richard H. Needle, Ph.D., M.P.H., Chief, Community Research Branch, DEPR, organized and chaired the panel, "Research on Preventing HIV," at the 1997 meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, held June 14-19, 1997 in Nashville, TN.

Dr. Richard Needle, in collaboration with Zili Sloboda, Ann Blanken, and other senior staff of the Community Research Branch and the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research planned and held the 4th scientific forum, Research Synthesis Symposium on the Prevention of HIV Among Drug Abusers, August 3-5, 1997 at Northern Arizona University (NAU) in Flagstaff. The Symposium was jointly sponsored by NIDA, the NIH Office of AIDS Research, and NAU. The purpose of the Symposium was to review the effectiveness of HIV interventions for injection and noninjection drug users, to translate science-based findings into prevention principles that can be applied by prevention planners and practitioners, and to discuss future directions for research on the prevention of HIV transmission among drug abusers. The symposium was the first event in a series of forums to center on HIV prevention among injecting and noninjecting drug users.

Arthur Hughes, Dr. Coryl Jones, Dr. Naimah Weinberg, and Dr. James Colliver of the Epidemiology Research Branch, DEPR participated in the Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research in Baltimore, Maryland May 5-7, 1997.

On May 22, 1997, Dr. Liz Robertson presented at a session on Funding Opportunities for Research on Preventing Drug Abuse Among African American College Students at a conference co-sponsored by NIDA and the Center for Drug Abuse Research at Howard University.

On July 31, 1997, Drs. Liz Robertson and Bill Bukoski participated in a discussion group at the Workgroup on Preventing Substance Abuse and Mental Health Problems in Managed Health Care Settings meeting co-sponsored by the National Mental Health Association and CSAP.

On April 25, 1997 Dr. James Colliver, DEPR/ERB participated in the Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research (CEDAR) Annual Research Conference at the University of Pittsburgh.

On May 6, 1997, Dr. Ro Nemeth-Coslett, PRB/DEPR, chaired a panel entitled Applications of Neuroscience to Drug Abuse Prevention Research at The Society for Prevention Research 5th Annual Meeting, the Hyatt Regency, Baltimore, Maryland. This year's meeting focused on (1) learning about bio-behavioral mechanisms underlying drug and alcohol abuse, (2) methods of conducting preventive trials for psychopathology, and (3) social and behavior determination of the cause and prevention of aggression.

On May 15, 1997, Drs. Liz Robertson and Bill Bukoski represented the DEPR at the DHHS working group on creating partnership plans for the Secretary's Initiative on Youth Substance Abuse Prevention.

Susan Coyle, Ph.D., DEPR/CRB, organized a plenary panel and presented a paper on the effects of outreach-based HIV prevention interventions for out-of-treatment drug users for the 4th Research Synthesis Symposium on the Prevention of HIV in Drug Abusers, August 3-5, 1997, at Northern Arizona University, in Flagstaff, Arizona.

On June 17, 1997, Susan Coyle, Ph.D., CRB/DEPR, presented a paper entitled "Community Based Outreach as an HIV Risk Reduction Strategy for Out-of-Treatment Injection Drug Users," at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, in Nashville, TN.

Susan Coyle, Ph.D., Community Research Branch, DEPR, organized a consortium of grantees who are conducting social network research on drug use and HIV transmission with the support of CRB/DEPR. The group, NIDA-NET, met May 20-21, 1997, at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, to exchange ideas and information about quantitative and qualitative aspects of conducting network-based HIV research, especially its challenging methodological issues.

Susan Coyle, Ph.D., of CRB/DEPR, gave a presentation on the use of visual anthropology to examine antecedents to drug use and HIV infection, at NIDA's July 29-30, 1997 Workshop on New Research Areas Related to Drug Abuse and AIDS, in Rockville, MD.

Susan Coyle, Ph.D., CRB/DEPR, represented Dr. Needle, Chief, CRB, at the meeting of "HIV Prevention Indicators Consultants," convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on July 14-15, 1997 in Atlanta, GA. Dr. Coyle consulted in the review of potential core indicators of HIV infection and HIV risk behaviors among injecting drug users.

Dr. Robert Battjes, DCSR, chaired a scientific session entitled "Organizational Factors in the Delivery of Drug Abuse Treatment" at the 14th annual meeting of the Association for Health Services Research, held in Chicago, IL, June 15-17, 1997.

Dr. Robert Battjes, DCSR, presented on future directions for HIV prevention at the "Fourth Science Forum: Research Synthesis Symposium on the Prevention of HIV in Drug Abusers," held in Flagstaff, AZ, August 3-5, 1997.

Bennett Fletcher, Ph.D. Chief, Services Research Branch, attended the Annual Meeting of the National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors (NASADAD) in Portland, ME, June 7-11, 1997.

Bennett Fletcher, Ph.D. attended the Annual Meeting of the Association for Health Services Research in Chicago, IL, June 15-17, 1997. Dr. Fletcher chaired a NIDA pre-meeting symposium on Access and Utilization of Drug Abuse Services on June 15, helped organized an AHSR Research Reports Panel on Organizational Factors in the Delivery of Drug Abuse Treatment, and co-chaired a Research Agenda panel (with Dr. Zili Sloboda, Director, DEPR) to speak about areas in which the Division of Clinical and Services Research hopes to stimulate future health services research.

Bennett Fletcher, Ph.D., presented a paper at a panel on the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS) at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association in Chicago on August 15, 1997.

Bennett W. Fletcher, Ph.D., participated in a research agenda development conference on Improving the Quality of Health Care for Children, sponsored by the Association for Health Services Research, at Tysons Corner, VA on May 28-30, 1997.

Dr. William S. Cartwright presented a paper entitled Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Drug Treatment Services: Review of the Literature at the Western Economics Association on July 12, 1997 in Seattle, WA.

Dr. William S. Cartwright conducted a workshop on cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness for the NIDA funded Treatment Research Center in Philadelphia, PA.

Dr. Peter Delany participated in a conference on Best Practices for Discharge Planning for Homeless Persons with Multiple Disorders on June 19-20, 1997. Dr. Delany helped plan this conference as NIDA's representative to the Interagency Task Force on Homelessness, comprised of participants from DHHS, HUD, OMB, and Departments of Labor, Education, Agriculture, and Energy.

Dr. Mac Horton, ECNB/DCSR, chaired a Symposium entitled "Drug Abuse Research: Selected Clinical Aspects" at the 68th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, in Washington, D.C. on April 12, 1997.

Dr. Horton presented brief remarks at the Symposium entitled "Approaches to the Molecular Genetics of Drug Abuse at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence Meeting in Nashville, Tennessee (CPDD), June 18, 1997.

Dr. Harold Gordon, ECNB/DCSR attended the international Conference on Dopaminergic Disorders: Novel Approaches for Drug Discovery in Boston, Massachusetts, June 1997.

Dr. Joseph Frascella, ECNB/DCSR gave a presentation in a workshop for young investigators in psychiatry at the annual meeting of the Society of Biological Psychiatry in San Diego, California, May 15, 1997.

Dr. Joseph Frascella attended the American Psychiatric Association annual meeting and participated in a Young Investigators Workshop as well as presented a poster on research opportunities within the Division of Clinical and Services Research in San Diego, California, May 1997.

Dr. Joseph Frascella presented a poster on the Etiology and Clinical Neurobiology Branch's research program at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society annual meeting in Washington, D.C. on May 24, 1997.

Dr. Joseph Frascella was a faculty participant in the "NIDA Special Populations Research Training Workshop on Morphine and Nitric Oxide" held in Melville, New York, June 4 - 6, 1997. He gave a talk entitled "The Neuroscience of Drug Abuse" as well as one entitled "Critical Aspects of the Grant Process."

Dr. Joseph Frascella gave a keynote address entitled "Addiction: A Disease of the Brain" at the 26th Annual Summer Institute on Alcoholism, Drug Abuse and Mental Health held at the University of Delaware, July 28, 1997.

Henry Francis, M.D., Chief, Clinical Medicine Branch, moderated a session: "Linking Biological and Behavioral Prevention Interventions" at a recent NIDA-sponsored symposium, Research Synthesis Symposum on the Prevention of HIV in Drug Abusers, held at Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, August 3-5, 1997.

Dr. Mario De La Rosa of NIDA's Special Populations Office presented a paper at the Community Epidemiology Work Group Meeting held in Washington, D.C. June 20, 1997. The title of the presentation was Drug Abuse Behavior among Colombian Youth.

Dr. Edythe D. London, IRP, presented "Neurobiology of Addiction:What's Craving Got to Do with It?" at the American Society of Addiction Medicine 28th Annual Medical Scientific Conference, San Diego, CA, April 17-20, 1997.

Dr. Edythe D. London, attended Grand Rounds "Imaging Studies in Substance Abusers" at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, May 26-27, 1997.

Dr. Edythe D. London presented a lecture on drug abuse at the University of Minnesota Research Training Retreat, Minneapolis, MN, May 31-June 1, 1997.

Dr. Steven J. Grant, IRP, co-chaired a panel entitled "Interactions between Cocaine, Monoaminergic Systems and Sensory Circuits: Is There a Link to Cue Reactivity and Drug Craving?" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.

Dr. Toni Shippenberg, IRP, presented "Neurobiology of Cocaine and Opioid Abuse" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.

Dr. Alexis Thompson, IRP, presented a poster entitled "Dynorphin 2-17 Alters Striatal Dopamine Dialysate Levels and Cocaine-Induced Behavioral Sensitization" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.

Dr. Toni Shippenberg, IRP, presented a seminar entitled: "Role of Behavioral and Neurochemical Effects of Cocaine" at East Carolina University Medical School, Greenville, NC, June 19-20, 1997.

Dr. Ronald I. Herning, IRP, presented "Cerebral Blood Flow and EEG Differences in HIV+ and HIV- Cocaine Abusers" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.

Dr. Ronald I. Herning presented "Subclinical Neurovascular Deficits in Cocaine Abusers: Drug and Psychosocial Considerations" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.

Dr. Tsung-Ping Su presented "The Delta Opioid DADLE Attenuated Methamphetamine Neurotoxicity via Opioid and Nonopioid Mechanisms" at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Nashville, TN, June 13-19, 1997.


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