Since 1985, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has conducted research to determine the most effective ways to reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission by drug users and their sexual partners. Findings from more than 30 studies reported that community-based outreach is an effective strategy for reaching drug-using populations and providing them with the means for behavior change. Of those drug users participating in community-based outreach interventions, a significant proportion:
- Entered drug treatment.
- Stopped or reduced their
- frequency of injection;
- reuse of needles and syringes;
- reuse of cookers, cottons, and rinse water; and
- use of crack cocaine.
- Increased condom use or had unprotected sex less frequently.
- Obtained HIV testing and pre- and post-test counseling.
- Averted HIV infection.